The Risks of Relying on Spray-and-Pray Seed Funds

Venture capital is a complex and nuanced world, and the strategies employed by seed funds can have far-reaching implications for startups.


The “spray-and-pray” approach, where a fund invests small amounts in a large number of startups, hoping some will succeed, is a topic of much debate.


Let’s delve into why this method might be more harmful than helpful for certain types of companies, especially those needing substantial capital to scale.




P.S. We run the #1 private venture community with thousands of investors from all over the world already inside. Apply here, and we’ll get back to you in a week or less.

Financial Modeling

VC Financial Modeling Templates

Get our best financial models and templates used for startup investing.

Understanding the Spray-and-Pray Model

The spray-and-pray model is based on the principle of diversification.


By investing in a broad portfolio of startups, the fund mitigates risk, banking on the success of a few to offset the failures of many.


However, this approach can be problematic for individual startups, particularly those in industries like biotechnology, manufacturing, or technology, where substantial capital is needed not just at the seed stage but also in subsequent funding rounds to reach full potential.


The Follow-On Funding Dilemma

One significant issue with the spray-and-pray approach is the uncertainty around follow-on funding.


When a startup is ready for its next round of funding, the absence of continued support from initial investors can be a red flag for new investors. It raises questions about the startup’s viability and the confidence its original backers have in its future success.


This situation is particularly precarious for startups that have burned through their initial capital and are in dire need of further investment to continue operations or scale.


Case Study: The Cautionary Tale of XYZ Tech

Take, for example, a hypothetical startup, XYZ Tech, which received initial funding from a spray-and-pray seed fund.


XYZ Tech is in the advanced technology sector, where research and development costs are high. The initial funding helped them get off the ground, but as they approached the next funding stage, they found themselves struggling. The seed fund, having spread its resources too thin, was unable to provide additional support. Other investors, noticing the lack of confidence from the initial backers, hesitated to invest, leading to a precarious financial situation for XYZ Tech.

Strategies for Startups to Mitigate Risk

For startups seeking seed funding, it’s crucial to consider the long-term implications of their funding sources. Here are some actionable tips:


  1. Research Your Investors: Understand the investment strategy of your potential seed fund. If they follow the spray-and-pray model, assess how that aligns with your long-term capital requirements.

  2. Seek Commitment: During negotiations, discuss the possibility of follow-on funding. Some investors might be willing to commit to further rounds if certain milestones are met.

  3. Diversify Your Funding Sources: Don’t rely solely on one type of investor. Consider combining different types of funding, such as angel investors, venture capital, and grants, to reduce dependency on any single source.

  4. Build Strong Relationships: Maintain open communication with your investors. Regular updates on your progress can build trust and might encourage them to continue their support.

  5. Prepare for Alternatives: Always have a plan B. If your initial investors can’t provide follow-on funding, be prepared to seek out new investors or consider other financing options.

Bottom Line

By understanding the nuances of seed funding and preparing for the challenges it may present, startups can navigate the venture capital landscape more effectively, ensuring they have the support they need to thrive.



Remember to explore more insights on venture capital strategies and their implications for startups in the original article at Confluence Ventures.

Our best VC resources … FREE